A. Material： SCM420 alloy structural steel. High hardenability. No temper brittleness. Good weldability. The tendency to form cold cracks is small. Good machinability and cold plasticity. Generally used in quenched and tempered or carburized and quenched state. Used for manufacturing in non-corrosive media and working. The temperature is lower than 250 degrees C. In a medium containing a mixture of nitrogen and hydrogen. In the working high-pressure pipe and various fasteners. Higher grade carburized parts. Such as: bushings. gear shafts. smooth shafts. eccentric shafts. etc.... heat treatment, quenching 880 degrees, water cooling, oil cooling 500 degrees.
B. Difficulty. Process improvement and solution：
1. The material of this product is SCM420, which must be quenched and tempered at 28/30°. After that, the carburized surface layer is 1MM/1.5MM.
Process: Before roughing the SCM420 material, make a 28/30° quenching and tempering. After the quality is confirmed and the hardness is OK. In rough machining, the outer diameter and step allowance should be 0.3/0.4MM on one side. The carburized surface layer is required to be at least 1.2MM on one side.
2. This shaft is an eccentric shaft. The steps of ?45.5 and ?32 are 2MM 0/-0.018. The bottom of the steps is less than R0.2. At 32MM, there is a width 8 MM0/+0.02*depth 4*length 18. Keyway. In the eccentric direction.
Process: ①The shape margin is greater than 5MM. The length should be extended by 10MM for eccentric process reservation. ②Leave 0.3mm on one side for all shapes before roughing. At the same time, keep 0.3mm on the steps. Convenient for carburizing. 3MM center hole is punched at both ends, and the center angle is 60°. ③Eccentric position. Need to use "milling machine" to open the thick keyway. "Width 7.5*Depth 3.5*Length 17.5MM." Use this to find direction. ④ Use CNC 3-axis machine. Auxiliary tool three-jaw chuck. Clamp to the ?32.5MM position. Open the thick eccentric position ?58.5MM. Connect to the bottom step. At the same time, two eccentric center holes should be punched. It is convenient for subsequent cylindrical grinding.
3. The outer diameter tolerance is 0/-0.018. The step tolerance is 0/-0.03. The runout is within 0.01. The keyway tolerance is 0/+0.02. At the same time, the smoothness of 0.8 is guaranteed. Total length tolerance 0/-0.05.
Process: ①The single side of the carburized layer is 1.2MM. "Technical requirements, deformation should not be greater than 0.05" Carburized layer at the length process position. ② Use "External Grinding" to process the first outer diameter of the top two ends to roughen. The allowance of one side is +0.1/+0.15. ③Clamp the two ends in two steps with the number of cars. Complete the control chief. Within tolerance 0/-0.02. Choose hardened blade 65° "R0.1 tip" ④The second pass uses external grinding. Use a dial indicator at the top position to adjust the deviation tolerance. It is best to use "60# grinding wheel" for fine grinding to ensure smoothness 0.8. ⑥ Machining with "Milling Machine", find the highest point of eccentricity. Processing 8MM 0/+0.02*Deep 4*Length 18.Keyway. The width dimension can be tested by block gauge. ⑦Examine the outer diameter, step, eccentricity, healthy groove, smoothness... ⑧In the process of wire cutting. ⑨Number of car control length. Chamfering.